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Lei with cloud and dragon pattern 云龙罍

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发表于 2014-10-2 02:43:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 穎太世澤 于 2014-10-2 03:14 编辑 ' [8 u8 d/ M& |* a2 Z2 O

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Lei with cloud and dragon pattern 云龙罍 (转载自国立历史博物馆)                                            

Lei with cloud and dragon pattern 云龙罍

Lei with cloud and dragon pattern  云龙罍

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The Lei, a bronze wine jar, a vessel for containing liquid, was used in worshipping ceremonies and banquets.
The wine jar with a cloud and dragon design was one of the bronze representations of the Spring and Autumn period, and was unearthed at Li's building in Xinzheng, Henan in 1923. The jar has a mouth that opens outward, a short neck, a round shoulder, and a belly that shrinks inward towards a flat bottom. There are four large double-dragon designs that were inter twined with a winged square dragon and a winged round dragon as decorative handles on top of the shoulder, and the mouth of the round dragon has a small ring in it. Please look at them carefully. The scales of the two dragons are also different. The square dragon has a thin, triangular whirlpool design, and the body of the round dragon has wavy scales. They are a male and a female, andtheir two tails are inter twined.The belly of the jar has a striped design with an animal in the shape of the character with a double hook. Beneath the stripe design is a triangular banana leaf, on top of which there are many little dragons inter twined. A special feature is the four round dents on the body of the jar where originally there were four golden dragon decorations which have sadly fallen off.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
品名:云龙罍
朝代:春秋中期
发掘/出土:河南新郑
尺寸:通高40.5公分                                                                                                               
说明与诠释:
此器民国十三年河南新郑出土,净重17.5公斤为罍中之至大至宝者。此罍,敛颈;唇口呈弧线形外侈,短颈,肩广而圆,鼓腹,腹圆曲内收成底,平底。器身主纹在肩腹部,由一粗凸弦纹为成二部份,上部饰蟠龙纹,地纹填以不规则云纹,线条生动,且肩部有四处类似平台的圆形痕迹,据推测原件应嵌有纹饰铜片;下部又分二段,上段饰「双钩蟠螭示意纹」(郭宝钧),其特征是双钩线条,钩线间留以空白,由纹饰形象仍可看出源自蟠螭纹,此处线条作上下条列,线条多歧枝,看不出明确的首、角与头尾之分,并在螭身与尾部增加了角状线段,地纹填以三角雷纹,下段饰三角蟠螭纹,亦是双钩蟠螭。肩饰四耳,每耳各有双龙相交衔环,其中衔环螭龙背脊上另饰有一对翅膀,呈展翅飞翔状,颇为生动。
罍之名及用途见于《诗经》〈小雅蓼莪〉:「缾之罄矣,惟罍之耻。」又〈周南卷耳〉:「我姑酌彼金罍」。可知罍用以盛酒,且容量甚大。然而,《仪礼》中亦有言罍是盛水器,但因其成书晚于《诗经》,所以盛水器之称应是春秋之后的事。铜器中亦有自名为「罍」,形制亦相似。
现称罍之器型,一般是敛口,直颈或微斜,折肩或圆肩,器身最大径(最宽处)在肩腹交接处,腹壁自此向下斜收成底。

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参考資料:朱凤翰,《古代中国青铜器》。郭宝钧,《商周铜器群综合研究》。马承源,《中国青铜器》。
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发表于 2014-10-7 00:01:38 | 显示全部楼层
漂亮的青铜器
发表于 2014-10-15 05:49:22 | 显示全部楼层
yanis 发表于 2014-10-7 00:01. a4 V, ^6 u% o9 j! ]. w
漂亮的青铜器
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Adorable.
发表于 2014-10-15 15:01:22 | 显示全部楼层
靳京 发表于 2014-10-15 05:499 B. z0 L% c) @! I
Adorable.
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Trop beau C'est vraiment magnifique
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